Fall 1993, Vol. XXII, No. 2

Bulletin of the

HUME SOCIETY

Department of Philosophy - Occidental College, Los Angeles, California 90041, USA


The Ottawa Hume Conference

The Twentieth Hume Conference, held in Ottawa this past July was an unqualified success, thanks in large measure to the conference co-directors, David Raynor and Roger Emerson. The meeting was a joint effort of the Hume Society and the Eighteenth Century Scottish Studies Society. See below for further praise for the efforts of the Raynor-Emerson team.

Invitation to Rome

It is by means of the system of judgment, Hume wrote in the Treatise, that

I paint the universe in my imagination, and fix my attention on any part of it I please. I form an idea of Rome, which I neither see nor remember; but which is connected with such impressions as I remember to have receiv'd from the conversation and books of travellers and historians. This idea of Rome I place in a certain situation on the idea of an object, which I call the globe. I join to it the conception of a particular government, and religion, and manners. I look backward and consider its first foundation; its several revolutions, successes, and misfortunes. (1.3.9 ¶4)

The purpose of this letter is to help you paint in your imagination a livelier idea of Rome, and of the Twenty-First Hume Conference that is to be held there in late June, 1994.

Tito Magri, representing the Italian organizers of the Rome meeting, attended the recent meetings in Ottawa. Tito brought the good news that, although there will be no low-cost student accommodation available to us in Rome, there are many pleasant and reasonably priced small hotels, or pensione. Based on present rates of exchange, rooms in these will cost from about $60 to $85 per day. Some may include breakfast at that price. All should be within walking distance of the conference. I have asked Tito and Prof. Lecaldano to send me a list of appropriate places, with addresses. Once this list arrives, it will be distributed to all members of the Society.

The conference itself will be held at the University Conference Center on the Via Salaria. This is a centrally located facility -- it is near the eastern edge of the Villa Borghese and a short walk from the well-known tourist district along the Via Veneto. The Center is equipped for simultaneous translation, and conference papers and comments will be available in English or Italian. As much as possible, the organizers hope to avoid concurrent sessions, but, until we know how many papers have been accepted for presentation, no firm decision can be made on this matter. However, as the conference will be spread over five days, there are certain to be at least as many openings (approximately twenty-five) for submitted papers as there have been at other recent meetings of the Society. (The Ottawa conference had more sessions, but a substantial number were filled by papers submitted to ECSSS.)

Conference sessions will be about one hour long, with submitted papers limited to thirty minutes reading time, and official comments to about six minutes. This should leave a minimum of twenty minutes' discussion for each paper. In order to provide the translators with ample time, finished copies of all papers and commentaries will be needed some weeks before the conference opens. Consequently, the length of papers and comments can be predicted with some confidence.

Those who wish to be invited to comment on papers should send a brief note, preferably hard copy, to me. I have already received a few such requests, and will in due course acknowledge these. The Italian half of the Program Committee has invited six speakers: Prof. Magri, Giancarlo Carabelli, Jean-Pierre Clero, Knud Haakonssen, John Wright, and David Fate Norton. Other invited speakers are Julia Annas, Simon Blackburn, Jane McIntyre, and J.-P. Monteiro.

At present, Prof. Lecaldano and his colleagues expect to publish a volume of selected papers from the conference. Consequently, the Program Committee is likely to ask for the right of first refusal for all papers. More information on this later.

I look forward to seeing you in Rome.

David Fate Norton

Conference Co-director

From Rome to Park City, Utah

The 1995 Hume Conference will be held in the beautiful Rocky Mountains, July 25-29 1995. The University of Utah will host the conference, which will meet in historic Park City, in the Wasatch Mountains just 45 minutes from downtown Salt Lake City. Don Garrett (University of Utah), Ted Morris (University of Cincinnati) and Charlotte Brown (Illinois Wesleyan) are the conference co-directors. The dual themes for the Park City Conference are "Reason and Sympathy." The deadline for submissions is November 1, 1994. Only completed papers should be submitted (no abstracts). Persons interested in serving as commentators should notify the secretary-treasurer prior to November 1, 1994. Papers should be no more than thirty minutes reading length with self-references deleted for blind reviewing; the author's name should appear only on a front cover sheet. Papers may be in English, French or German, but an abstract in English is required for all papers. Submit papers and abstracts in triplicate to Professor Saul Traiger, Executive Secretary of the Hume Society, Department of Philosophy, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 90041 USA.

1996 in Nottingham, 1998 in Leeds

The Executive Committee has received and has accepted official invitations to hold the 1996 Hume Society Meeting at the University of Nottingham, England, with Roger Gallie as on-site conference co-director, and the 1998 conference at the University of Leeds with Peter Millican as on-site conference co-director. The 1998 conference will focus particularly on Hume's Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.

Hume Society Sessions at Divisional APA Meetings

The Hume Society will hold sessions at each of the three divisional APA meetings:

Eastern Division: The speakers for the December meetings in Atlanta are Sherryl Kuhlman (Franklin and Marshall) and Robert Shaver (U. of Manitoba). Geoffrey Sayre McCord will chair. The topic is Hume's ethics. We will be in the "Cabinet Room" from 6:30-9:30 on December 29th. Information about this session will not appear in the APA's printed program.

Central Division: The speaker for the spring meeting is Jacquelyn Taylor (Temple University). William Morris (University of Cincinnati) will comment and Charlotte Brown (Illinois Wesleyan) will chair. The Central Division meetings will be held in Kansas City, MO, May 4-7 1994.

Pacific Division: Information on the session for the Pacific Division will be communicated later this year.



Call for Papers: Ramus to Kant

The Philosophy Department at the University of Western Ontario, with the assistance of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, will be hosting a conference on the theme "Logic and the Workings of the Mind: Ramus to Kant" in June, 1995. Papers are solicited on topics exploring the influence of early modern logic on early modern philosophy, or early modern "faculty psychology" on early modern logic. Topics could include, but are not restricted to: abstraction of concepts from sensory experience and debates over the nature and status of abstract ideas; accounts of conceptual clarity/obscurity, distinctness/confusion and their influence; accounts of the repugnance and comparison of ideas and their relation to theories of logical truth and contingency; relation between notions of conceivability and inconceivability and possibility and impossibility in early modern logic and philosophy; accounts of necessity and contingency and their relation to a priori and a posteriori modes of knowing, or treatments of the work of particular early modern logicians. For more information contact Thomas M. Lennon, Early Modern Logic Project, Philosophy Department, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, N6A 3K7. Submission deadline: November 1, 1994



New Issue of Scotia

Old Dominion University announces the publication of Volume XVI of Scotia: Interdisciplinary Journal of Scottish Studies. This issue features important essays on several aspects of Scottish culture, including articles by Paul J. deGategno on James "Ossian" Macpherson in Florida and David Groves on the poetry of James Hogg. A review essay by Malcolm Hill discusses several new books on Scottish settlement in eastern Canada. Also featured in this issue are over a dozen reviews of books on Scottish history, art, music, literature and culture as well as one of the most up-to-date lists of recently published books on Scottish topics currently available. To receive Scotia, volume XVI, send a check for $10, payable to Old Dominion University, to Dr. William S. Rodner, Editor - Scotia, Department of History, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529-0091, U.S.A.

1995 Rousseau Colloquium

The ninth biennial colloquium of the North American Association for the Study of Jean-Jacques Rousseau will be held at Wabash College in Crawfordsville, Indiana from June 1st to 4th, 1995. The colloquium theme is "Autour de la Lettre d'Alembert" or "Rousseau on Arts and Politics." While Rousseau's Letter to D'Alembert on the Theatre will serve as the main focus for the colloquium, presenters might also want to take a broader view and offer papers on topics such as Rousseau's aesthetics or on related works, such as De L'Imitation Thęatrale. Papers may be in French or in English, but must not exceed 12 pages, exclusive of endnotes, for oral presentation. Somewhat longer versions, which accommodate criticisms and suggestions offered during the colloquium itself, will be considered for publication in Pensée libre (the Association's Proceedings). Offers and suggestions should be sent to the program chair: Melissa Butler, Department of Political Science, Wabash College, Crawfordsville, IN 47933, U.S.A.. E-mail: butlerm@wabash.bitnet; fax: (317) 364-4295.

SEASECS Percy Adams Annual Article Prize

The Southeastern American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies invites submissions for its annual article competition. An award of $250 will be given for the best article on an eighteenth-century subject published in a scholarly journal, annual, or collection between 1 September 1992 and 31 August 1993. Authors must be members of the Southeastern American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, and articles may be submitted either by authors themselves or by others. Submissions written in a language other than English must include an English translation. The interdisciplinary appeal of the article will be considered but will not be the sole determinant of the award. Please submit articles in triplicate, postmarked by 15 November 1993, to: Valerie Lastinger, Dept. of Foreign Languages, PO Box 6298, West Virginia University, Morgantown, W. VA 26505, U.S.A. The winning article will be announced at the 1994 annual meeting of SEASECS.

Conference on Virtue Ethics

The Department of Philosophy of Santa Clara University will hold its sixteenth annual philosophy conference on March 4-5, 1994, on virtue ethics. Conference participants will be Robert Merrihew Adams (Yale), Robert Audi (University of Nebraska), Lawrence Blum (University of Massachusetts, Boston), Philippa Foot (Oxford/UCLA), Amelie Rorty (Harvard/Mount Holyoke), and Michael Slote (University of Maryland). For further information, contact: Christopher B. Kulp, Department of Philosophy, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA 95053; Telephone: (408) 554-4093.

Eighth International Kant Congress

The Kant-Gesellschaft e.V., Bonn, has authorized the North American Kant Society and Memphis State University to host the Eighth International Kant Congress in Memphis, March 1-5, 1995. The theme of the conference is Kant's philosophy in general, though contributions are especially welcome concerning the essay Zum Ewigen Frieden, the 200th anniversary of whose publication falls in the congress year.

Submitted contributions may be in English, French or German; the deadline is March 1, 1994. Contributions should be sent to: Organizing Committee, Eighth International Kant Congress, Dept. of Philosophy, Memphis State University, Memphis TN 38152 USA. The organizing committee hopes to review submissions as quickly as possible, and to publish accepted papers prior to the congress. Accordingly, it requests authors to submit their contributions in the following form: (1) two paper copies of the contribution, length not to exceed 20 minutes reading time (12 pages of 30 lines at 60 character spaces per line, exclusive of footnotes). (2) Two summaries of the contribution, not to exceed 1/2 page (15 lines of 60 character spaces). (3) One computer-readable (electronic, floppy-disc) version of both contribution and summary, in both a standard word- processing format (preferably WordPerfect) and ASCII (DOS) generic format. (Those without access to word-processing equipment must indicate their willingness to pay for preparation of a computer- readable version upon acceptance.) (4) References to Kant's writings should follow standard practice: For the Critique of Pure Reason, the pagination of the first and second (A and B) original editions should be cited, for other writings the volume, page and, where appropriate, line number of the standard Akademie edition of Kant's complete works (Kant's Gesammelte Schriften, Königlich Preussische [now Deutsche] Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin: G. Reimer [now De Gruyter], 1902-; usually referred to as Akademie- Ausgabe). Contributors without access to this edition should furnish enough information on citations (e.g., by giving chapter and section titles and numbers, paragraph number, closest footnote, etc.) to allow the editors to locate the citation in the Akademie-Ausgabe. (5) Since advance publication will not allow time for proof-reading, contributors should carefully proof-read the computer readable version, and submissions must include a specific written agreement to leave any further proof-reading to the congress organizing committee.

Report of Twentieth Hume Conference - July 6-10 1993

Secretary-Treasurer's Report - July 9, 1993

After a five years term, Dorothy Coleman retired her position as Executive Secretary and Treasurer, and I was named to the position by the Executive Committee for a five year term effective January 1, 1993. The address for the business office is Department of Philosophy, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 90041, USA. The Hume Society receives financial support from Occidental College.

Membership is holding steady from last year; there are 325 members in good standing. Several initiatives are under way to promote membership growth. A database of authors who have written on Hume during the last ten years is being prepared. An invitation to join the Society will be sent to everyone on that list who isn't already a member. I would like to send letters to addresses in countries with little or no representation in the Society. We have no members from Mexico, for example, and so I plan to do a mailing to departments there. Finally, new options for dues payment should help us attract more non-U.S. members.

The Treasury stands at $11,769.25, an increase of over $5,500 from last year. In taking over the publication of Hume Studies, the Society was able to save a significant amount of money that it will invest and save for an unforeseen event.

In the past, membership in the Hume Society had to be paid in U.S. funds. This was inconvenient and often costly for non-U.S. members and prospective members. Membership dues are now payable with Visa and Mastercard or by check in any currency. Charge card payments are payable in U.S. funds, with a 5% ($1) surcharge; the credit card company will handle the differences in currencies. For those paying by check, each renewal year the Treasurer will send a rate form to non-U.S. members with renewal rates in the most popular currencies. A 5% surcharge is calculated into non-U.S. currencies to offset costs and fluctuations in exchange rates. Renewal and membership forms will be revised to accommodate the new payment options. Both options are popular with renewing members.

Terms for executive committee members John Biro, Charlotte Brown, and Geoffrey Sayre-McCord will expire on December 31, 1993. Brown and Sayre McCord are eligible for reelection. A call for nominations will be sent to members in September. The deadline for nominations is October 31. Continuing members of the executive committee are Wade Robison, President, Saul Traiger, Executive Secretary-Treasurer, Jane McIntyre, James King, Peter Millican, Maria Montes, and David Raynor.

Hiroshi Mizuta will step down as International Corresponding Member from Japan on December 31, 1993. I am



very pleased to announce that Tatsuya Sakamoto of Keio University has been named as his replacement.

The Bulletin of the Hume Society will undergo some change to coincide with changes in Hume Studies. The latter will contain critical reviews, beginning with the fall issue. The Bulletin will not duplicate these efforts, but will publish shorter announcements of new books. In place of book reviews, we would like to request that members submit abstracts of work in progress. Our hope is that members will submit abstracts of papers which they are willing to distribute subsequently to interested readers in draft form. If you have a paper on which you would like comments from other Hume Society members, please submit an abstract of approximately 500 words to the editor of the Bulletin.

Saul Traiger, Executive Secretary and Treasurer

President's Report

This year is a watershed in the Society's history since the first issue of Hume Studies under its auspices will be published with this November's issue. The Society wishes to thank the previous editors, Robert Muehlmann and Fred Wilson, and the Department of Philosophy of the University of Western Ontario for making the transition an easy one. We are looking forward to the coming issues under the editorship of Don Garrett and Ted Morris, with Dorothy Coleman as Book Review Editor, and appreciate both the willingness of them all to undertake the work involved in this enterprise and the willingness of the University of Utah, the University of Cincinnati, and the College of William and Mary to underwrite their commitments.

Among the Executive Committee's main projects over the next year will be a consideration of what Constitutional changes are required by the Society's taking on Hume Studies and other issues raised by that new relationship. I wish to thank David Raynor, of the Department of Philosophy here at the University of Ottawa, and Roger Emerson, of the Department of History at the University of Western Ontario, for co-directing the Conference here. This was a joint meeting with the Society for Eighteenth Century Scottish Studies, and it bodes well for future co-operative ventures.

We can now look forward to our meeting in Rome next summer. For the details, see David Norton's letter in this issue of the Bulletin.

It is the aim of the Society to encourage Hume scholarship in as many different ways as its resources permit, and meeting alternately on the North American continent and overseas is one way to ensure that Hume scholarship is encouraged and supported world-wide. The 1995 and 1997 meetings will thus be on the North American continent, and the 1996 and 1998 meetings will be overseas. The Society has invitations from Peter Millican at Leeds for 1998 and from Nottingham for July 15-19, 1996. Roger Gallie and John Biro would be directors for the latter Conference. We hope to work out arrangements so that Hume scholars can have access to, and support for work in, major research libraries in Great Britain before and after these conferences.

The Society has invitations for 1995 from Texas Christian, the University of Alaska, and the University of Utah, and the preference of those at the Business Meeting was to meet in Utah. We have no invitations for 1997. Besides these annual meetings, the Society has meetings at the various Divisional meetings of the American Philosophical Association, and we would like to encourage similar meetings in other countries.

One other item of business for this next year for the Executive Committee will be a set of guidelines for directing a conference. We hope to cull from the collective wisdom of those who have done this in the past and produce standard forms for referees, for instance, to aid those directing conferences in the future.

Nigel Bruce has asked that the proposal for a commemorative monument and Heritage Trail for David Hume in Edinburgh be supported by the Society, and though we are primarily concerned to support scholarly work on Hume, we will help publicize these efforts and provide what support we can.

Wade Robison, President

Motions of Gratitude

At the Business Meeting, James King introduced the following motion of gratitude to the conference directors. The motion was seconded and approved by a unanimous vote:

I rise to offer two motions to express the Society's gratitude to the parties responsible for the success of this Conference.

I invite all here assembled to join me in expressing our congratulations and acknowledgement of indebtedness to Co-Directors Roger Emerson and David Raynor, and in particular to join me in commending:

(1) their vision in conceiving a Conference devoted to Hume in his Scottish setting;

(2) their willingness, despite being geographically separated, to undertake shared responsibility for planning and jointly organizing the Conference;

(3) their judiciousness in creating a splendid Conference program, one with breadth and variety which has opened up for each of us, I am sure, new ways to appreciate this fascinating period of intellectual and scientific history;

(4) their resourcefulness in seeking and securing funding for the Conference from a variety of sources, particularly their arranging travel support for graduate students -- a precedent for subsequent conference directors to emulate;

(5) their energy in overseeing the countless arrangements and details that go into the actual success of the event;

(6) their foresightedness in undertaking to arrange for the publication, if all goes well, of selected papers from the conference; and

(7) quite especially their collaboration in allowing the members of the two sponsoring scholarly societies to become personally acquainted with one another and with their respective ongoing activities.

Please join me then, in saluting David's and Roger's success and in thanking them for their labors on our behalf.

Publication Notices

Donald Livingston and Marie Martin, eds., Hume as Philosopher of Society, Politics and History. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 1991.

The idea of Hume as a philosopher of culture has only recently gained general acceptance; yet as far back as 1941 the Journal of the History of Ideas was publishing essays on Hume which reflected this aspect of his work - indeed, throughout its history most of the essays on Hume published by the Journal have been on this topic. The essays selected for this volume range back as far as 1941, but they are as interesting as when they first appeared. They may even, given the recent interest in Hume as a philosopher of society, politics and history, be viewed as more timely than ever.

The image of Hume as a philosopher of culture that emerges from these essays is little known to most professional philosophers, yet the foundations for this philosophy were laid in Hume's first book, and masterpiece, A Treatise of Human Nature (1739). All the rest of his philosophical and historical writing may be viewed as an application of the master science of human nature framed in that book.

The essays in this collection, whose contributors include ERNST CAMPBELL MOSSNER, ROBERT McRAE, ROBERT LYON, CHRISTOPHER J. BERRY AND COREY VENNING, should inspire philosophers to take a fresh look at Hume and to explore the rich philosophy of culture he drew out of the Treatise.



C. A. J. Coady, Testimony: A Philosophical Study, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.

The role of testimony in the getting of reliable belief or knowledge is a central but neglected epistemological issue. Western philosophical tradition has paid scant attention to the individual thinker's reliance upon the word of others; yet this reliance is both extensive and often hidden from view. Professor Coady begins by exploring the nature and depth of our reliance upon testimony, addressing the complex definitional puzzles surrounding the idea. He analyses the tradition of debate on the topic in order to gain a deeper understanding of the issues and to reveal the epistemic individualism which has given rise to an illusory ideal of 'autonomous knowledge'. Avoiding such individualistic commitments, he concludes this part of the book by providing a defence of testimony as a source of knowledge. In the second half of the book the author uses this new view of testimony to challenge certain widespread assumptions in the fields of history mathematics, psychology and law.

Norton, David Fate, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Hume, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

David Hume is, arguably, the most important philosopher ever to have written in English. Although best known for his contributions to epistemology, metaphysics, and the philosophy of religion, Hume also made substantial contributions to psychology and the philosophy of mind, ethics, the philosophy of science, political and economic theory, political and social history, and to a lesser extent, aesthetic and literary theory. All facets of Hume's output are discussed in this volume, the first genuinely comprehensive overview of his work. The picture that emerges is of a thinker, who, though critical to the point of skepticism, was nonetheless able to build on that skepticism a profoundly important, and still viable, constructive philosophy. Contributors: John Biro, Robert Fogelin, John Gaskin, Peter Jones, Terence Penelhum, Alexander Rosenberg, Andrew Skinner, David Wootton, Knud Haakonssen, David Fate Norton.

A History of the Hume Society

by James King

In 1971 as an Assistant Professor a few years out of graduate school I was elected to a two-year term as Vice-President of the Illinois Philosophical Association, a position the duties of which consist principally in serving as program officer for the IPA's annual meetings. I advised the Association's Executive Committee that I wished to depart from the practice then in place of limiting program inclusion pretty much to the membership, and with the support of Lewis Hahn, then President, I devoted part of the 1972 meeting to Plato, with the feature speaker being Gregory Vlastos.

For the following year I issued a national call for papers on David Hume. I was pleased at the response and devoted one-half of the Association's 1972 meeting to Hume. Especially impressive was the fact that Hume scholars not on the program attended our meeting in Bloomington, Illinois. (Regrettably there is no listing of who was present at that meeting, and fear of omitting a name makes me reluctant to trust my fallible memory.) During the lunch break at that meeting I canvassed everyone who had attended the Hume session to ascertain who might be willing to come to a meeting on Hume the following year, assuming something could be arranged outside the sponsorship of the IPA.

Encouraged by the response, I returned to DeKalb and consulted with colleagues about sponsoring a meeting on Hume the following year at Northern Illinois University. The Department had a concentration of people who appreciated the history of Philosophy -- such as Craig Walton, Don Livingston, Jim Dye, to name a few -- and with their backing I approached the chair of the Department and the dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences for modest financial support. A Call for Papers for what was then described as the Second Hume Conference was issued, fifty-five papers were received, and in late fall a two day meeting was held with a program consisting of ten papers (a rather impressive nonacceptance rate), again a significant success drawing participants from across the continent. At that time I asked my colleague Donald Livingston to serve with me in a two-man program committee for the following year and we announced a 1975 meeting devoted to Hume.

Just before the Third Hume Conference, I concluded that the time had come for the support of annual Hume Conferences to become autonomous from my campus. Rather ambitiously, the printed program included a "Dinner and Business Meeting to Charter the Hume Society" for October 25, 1974. There was of course no secretary for that session, but cognizant of the historical significance of the occasion, I recorded notes immediately afterwards (on the back of a copy of the program). What follows is pretty much a verbatim transcription.

James King provided a brief overview of the Hume Conferences and stated that it seemed time to decide whether a society should be created which would sponsor conferences in the future. He solicited comments and hearing no objections, declared the Hume Society to exist.

It was agreed that the meeting would be conducted by Roberts Rules of Order and that James King would serve as chairman pro tem. King proposed a provisional statement of purpose: that the Society serve to stimulate research on the writings and philosophy of David Hume and to afford an opportunity for exchange of the results of that research.

A sheet was distributed for signing as a charter member. Dues were set at $10.00.

King noted that Roberts Rules suggest a newly formed Society establish a Charter Committee. He suggested a membership of five. The floor was open to nominations. The five persons elected were: James King (Chair), Nicholas Capaldi, Terry Penelhum, Wade Robison and Donald Livingston.

It was determined that the duties of the Committee would be to draft laws for the Society, to be submitted to the membership for adoption at the next meeting, to publicize the existence of the Society, and to plan for a meeting to occur no later than spring 1976 and prepare its program.

The twenty-seven Charter Members present at the meeting were as follows: Nicholas Capaldi, Don Gotterbarn, John Davis, Dan Goldstick, George Nathan, Haughton Dalrymple, Don Harward, Terence Penelhum, Farhang Zabeeh, Beatrice Sarlos, Thomas Hearn, Robert Burch, Peter Jones, Pall Ardal, Robert Hurlbutt, Robert Anderson, Richard Watson, Wade Robison, David Norton, Richard Brockhaus, Keith Yandell, Ronald Glossop, David Livingston, James King, E. W. VanSteenburgh, James Dye, Donald Keyworth.

Charter Membership was subsequently extended to any person joining during the Society's initial year. Persons who joined the Society during the 1974-76 dues biennium were: Tom L. Beauchamp, Lewis White Beck, John R. Boatright, John Bricke, Robert Hay Carnie, Vere C. Chappell, William Charron, James Dickoff, William Drumin, W. D. Falk, Donald M. Hassler, Joshua Hoffman, B. G. Hurdle, Patricia James, Clive Keep, E. Jean Kittrell, Thomas A. Mappes, Hiroshi Mizuta, Joao Paolo Monteiro, Jeffrie G. Murphy, John O. Nelson, James W. Oliver, Steven C. Patten, Ralph S. Pomeroy, John Vladimir Price, Michael S. Pritchard, David R. Raynor, J. Charles Robertson, Bernard E. Rollin, Paul W. Sharkey, Wayne Sheeks, Patricia Smart, Constant Noble Stockton, D. C. Stove, Howard F. Walter, Don G. Wester.

During the Society's first year the Executive Committee met and fashioned a Constitution later approved by the membership, the document under which the Society operated for its first decade. The Constitution provided for two officers: a Chairman and a Secretary. After completing a year as Chairman, I assumed the role of Secretary and started publishing the Bulletin of the Hume Society. Nicholas Capaldi was the Society's second Chairman.

The Fourth Hume Conference (which was the first held under the auspices of the Hume Society) was held at the University of Wisconsin in 1975.

James King, Northern Illinois University

New Members

The Hume Society is pleased to welcome the following new members. Fields of interest are noted when members have specified them.

Arie, Daisuke Nihon Fukushi University, Japan

Armendt, Brad Arizona State University, USA

Breton, Deirdre University of Toronto, Canada

Bristol, Jane SUNY Buffalo, USA

Cudd, Ann University of Kansas, USA

moral theory

Deragon, Sonia Montreal, Canada

Gemes, Ken Yale University, USA

probability, induction, causation

Gill, Michael B. University of North Carolina, USA

He, Beogang University of Tasmania, Australia

Livingston, Donald Emory University, USA

Loptson, Peter Univ. of Saskatchewan, Canada

Meyers, Robert G. SUNY Albany, USA

Mizock, Bernard Skokie, IL, USA

Pfister, Abigail Parma Hts. Ohio, USA

Richey, Lance Marquette University, USA

Rush, Fred Columbia University, USA

Spencer, Mark London, Canada

Stamos, David Etobicoke, Canada

Tanaka, Shoji Kanagawa University, Japan

Wood, R. Neil University of Glasgow, Scotland