Spring 1995, Vol. XXIV, No. 1

Bulletin of the


Department of Philosophy - Occidental College, Los Angeles, California 90041, USA

Constitutional Amendments Approved

Members of the Hume Society overwhelmingly approved the amendments to the Society's constitution proposed in December, 1994. The full text of the revised constitution appears on pages 5 and 6 of this Bulletin.

The 22nd Hume Conference, Park City, Utah: "Reason and Sympathy"

The Program as of April 5, 1995:

1. Invited Speakers

Steve Darwall (University of Michigan); Hume's Cutting-Edge Moral Psychology: What We are Learning about Sympathy's Devilish Details

Barry Stroud (University of California, Berkeley); Naturalism and Paradox in Scottish Enlightenment Philosophy

2. Special Sessions and Workshops

Workshop on the Oxford Philosophical Texts Edition of Hume's Treatise; David Fate Norton, McGill University, Jane McIntyre (Cleveland State University), Jessica Spector (University of Chicago), Dale Jacquette (Pennsylvania State University), David Owen (University of Arizona), Tony Pitson (University of Stirling).

Potkay's the Fate of Eloquence in the Age of Hume; Mark Box (University of Alaska), Adam Potkay (College of William and Mary)

3. Regular Sessions

Kate Abramson (University of Chicago); Hume's Two Mechanisms of Sympathy

Donald Ainslie (University of Pittsburgh); Sympathy and the Unity of Hume's Idea of the Self

Joel Anderson (Washington University); The Love of Being Loved by Those We Love

Wilfried K. Backhause (Canada); Touchstone and the Politics of Meaningful Discourse

Janet Broughton (University of California, Berkeley); Understanding Human Understanding

Rachel Cohon (Stanford University); The Common Point of View in Hume's Ethics

Frances Dauer (University of California, Santa Barbara); Humean Naturalism and the Problem of Induction

Charles Echelbarger (SUNY, Oswego); Hume on Mathematical Thinking

Peter Fosl (Hollins College); Reason, Morals and Animality in Hume

Roger Gallie (University of Nottingham) Reid: Conception, Representation and Innate Ideas

Michael Gill (Purdue University); Nature, Association and the Fundamental Difference between Hutcheson and Hume

Charles Griswold (Boston University); Adam Smith on 'Sympathy' and the Moral Sentiments

Anne Jaap Jacobson (University of Houston); Multiple Meanings and Plural Perspectives

D. Tycerium Lightner (Ohio State University); Hume on Inconceivability, Impossibility and Adequate Ideas

Michael Lynch (Syracuse University); The Self-Destruction of Reason

MiriamMcCormick (McGill University); A Change in Manner: Hume's Scepticism in the Trea tise and the Enquiry

Jane McIntyre (Cleveland State University); Hume's "new and extraordinary" Account of the Passions

Susan Martinelli-Fernandez (Western Illinois University); Normativity in Hume's Treatise: Partiality, Self-Regulation, and Self-Concern

Kevin M. Meeker (University of Notre Dame); Hume: Radical Sceptic or Naturalized Epistemologist?

Robert Meyers (SUNY, Albany); Knowledge and Skepticism in Hume's Enquiry

Peter Millican (University of Leeds); Hume, Induction and Reason

Maria Montes Fuentes, (Spain); J. James' Critique of Hume: The Eternal Dilemma of Self

A.E. Pitson (University of Stirling); Sympathy and Other Selves

Marek Pyka (Cracow University of Technology); Reason, Sympathy and Other Minds in Hume's Treatise

Elizabeth Radcliffe (Santa Clara University); Kantian Tunes on a Humean Instrument

Ken Richman (Rutgers University); Hume's Use of 'Nature'

Paul Russell (University of British Columbia); Hume on Involuntariness of Moral Character

Lawrence M. Sanger (Ohio State University); Hume's External World Skepticism in Context

Fay Sawyier (Indiana University); Thoughts About Hume's Essay of Tragedy

Jackie Taylor (Tufts); Hume and the Reality of Value

Clark Thompson (University of Virginia); Hume, Moral Motivation, and Calm Passions

Saul Traiger (Occidental College); Hot and Cold Cognition: The Chairlift Example

Spencer K. Wertz (Texas Christian University); The Missing Shade of Blue: Another Look

Frederick G. Whelan (University of Pittsburgh); Time, Revolution, and Prescriptive Right in Hume's Theory of Government

Eleanor E. Wittrup (University of Massachusetts, Lowell); Hume's Passionate Reason

4. General Information

The Conference will begin with afternoon registration and an evening reception on July 25, and will conclude with a banquet on the evening of July 29.

Sponsors: The Conference is sponsored by the Hume Society and the University of Utah. It is made possible by a grant from the Utah Humanities Council.

Location: Park City is a former mining town and is now a skiing and resort community. It is located in the Wasatch Mountains, approximately 40 minutes east of Salt Lake City.

Transportation: Conference participants arriving by air should fly into Salt Lake International Airport. The freeway (Interstate 80) leads directly from the airport to a Park City freeway exit. The most convenient transportation to Park City is the shuttle bus service offered by All Resorts Express, headquartered in Park City (801-575-6420). The shuttle leaves from the airport during the summer months at odd-numbered hours (1:00, 3:00, 5:00, etc.). In addition, it leaves at even-numbered hours with prior notice and a two-person minimum. The cost is $34 round-trip, or $19 one-way. Taxi and limousine service, as well as other commercial shuttles, are also available. A free city shuttle bus service runs throughout Park City every 15-20 minutes. The historic Main Street (site of most restaurants and shopping) is only 5 minutes from the conference site by shuttle bus.

Hotel/Conference Site: Most of the conference sessions will be held at the Olympia Park Hotel in Park City. This is an excellent hotel, and the conference directors are pleased to have negotiated a special Hume Conference rate of $69 per night for a room with a double bed (single or double occupancy). Suites are available at $99 per night. The conference directors urge all participants to stay at the Olympia Park, as the Hume Conference rate will be the best rate available in Park City. To make a reservation, please call the hotel directly at 1-800-234-9003, (within the U.S.) or 801-649-2900 (outside the U.S.) or fax 801-649-4852, and ask for the Hume Conference rate. Reservations must be made by June 12, 1995 to receive this rate.

Temperatures: July temperatures in Park City are usually in the 70s (Fahrenheit) during the daytime and in the 50s during the evening.

Recreation: Summer recreation opportunities include hiking, mountain-biking, hot-air ballooning, tennis, golf, and a historic railway. Park City also features a large "outlet" shopping mall. The conference schedule will allow ample time for recreation.

Fee: The Conference registration fee is $90 (US). This includes the reception on July 25 and the banquet on July 29. Please make checks payable to: "22nd Hume Conference/University of Utah."

Directors: The Conference Directors are Don Garrett (University of Utah), William E. Morris (University of Cincinnati), and Charlotte Brown (Illinois Wesleyan University). Questions about the Conference may be addressed to Don Garrett, Department of Philosophy, 341 OSH, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA. Telephone: 801-581-8749; Fax: 801-585-5195; e-mail: dgarrett@cc.utah.edu

News from Members

M. A. Stewart (Lancaster University) gave the Gifford Lectures at the University of Aberdeen in February and March, 1995, as part of that university's quincentennial celebrations. His theme was "`New Light' and Enlightenment". Starting from the impact of "new light" ideas in Ulster Presbyterianism, he traced the debate over the rational foundations of natural and revealed religion in the Scottish universities in the first half of the eighteenth century, and the controversy with the Kirk over toleration and credal tests, a controversy intensified by the spread of deism in England. John Simson was identified as the paradigm rational theologian, whose spiritual allies included the Hutcheson circle at Glasgow, the Rankenian Club at Edinburgh, and the Newtonian natural philosophers.

The challenge to orthodoxy stimulated the defenders of traditional Calvinism to new sophistication, instanced in the work of Thomas Halyburton and Archibald Campbell, who challenged the pretensions of natural religion, at the same time as they rejected the Lockean dilemma that believers in revelation must either prove the historicity of the biblical miracles or fall prey to enthusiasm. Their sceptical strategies, derived from Bayle, anticipate Hume's critique of rational religion, which can be seen to be aimed directly at the fashionable trends in both natural and revealed theology. The common-sense backlash in Aberdeen was a derivation from the philosophical critique of Berkeley which formed part of the earlier defences of rational religion.

The lectures will be published in due course.

Conference on Early Modern Philosophy

Stanford University, May 26-7, 1995

There will be one session on May 26 and two on May 27. Participants include Robert M. Adams (Yale), David Owen (Arizona), Marleen Rozemond (Stanford), R.C. Sleigh, Jr. (Massachusetts), John Carriero (UCLA), Calvin Normore (Toronto), Lawrence Nolan and Alan Nelson(UC, Irvine), Hannah Ginsborg (UC, Berkeley), Rachel Cohon (Stanford), Edwin McCann (USC) and Houston Smit (Stanford), with sessions on R.M. Adams' Leibniz, Continuity, Descartes on essence and existence, Hume's moral philosophy, Locke, and Kant on cognition and the unity of apperception. Each presentation will take approximately 30-40 minutes. The remaining time will be devoted to general discussion. All sessions are at 100 Cordura Hall (CSLI).

Pre-registration: a) by email to anelson@uci.edu; b) by mail to Alan Nelson, Dept. of Philosophy, Univ. of California, Irvine, CA 92717-4555; c) by Fax to Alan Nelson, 714-824-2379. Pre-registrants will receive dinner at a local restaurant on May 26, a map of the campus, and a parking permit for Friday (parking is free Saturday). Please include your mailing address and specify whether you will attend the dinner and whether you require parking.

Rooms are available at the Stanford Terrace Inn at the edge of campus. The conference rate is $82 single and $92 double and includes a shuttle and breakfast. The phone number for reservations is (415) 857-0333; mention the "conference on Early Modern Philosophy" to receive the special rate.

The conference is made possible by a gift to the Stanford University Philosophy Department from John and Claire Radway, and by additional funding from the School of Humanities and Sciences.

Call for Papers: Conference of the International Society for the Study of European Ideas

The Fifth Conference of the International Society For the Study of European Ideas will hold a workshop organized around Hume`s philosophy on August 19-24, 1996 at the University for Humanist Studies, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Papers on all aspects of Hume's philosophy are welcome. Send papers or proposals by November 15 ,1995 to Professor Stanley Tweyman, Dept. of Philosophy, Glendon College, York University, 2275 Bayview Ave. Tornto, Ontario, Canada M4N 3M6

Call for Papers: Rereading Hume

There will be a Hume volume in the Re-Reading the Canon series. The general editor of the series is Nancy Tuana, and it is being published by Penn State Press. The editor of the Hume volume is Anne Jaap Jacobson. The series will provide feminist commentary on the major figures in philosophy's canon. It promises to make an important contribution to our understanding of our philosophical past.

The Hume volume, like the others in the series, will aim to provide representations of the wide variety of feminist approaches. Among the general feminist-historical topics are: (1) The supposed gender-neutrality of philosophical theory; (2) Exclusions from philosophical discourse and the construction of what is excluded; (3) Political principles determining the canon; and (4) Proto-feminist approaches in the canon. These and other feminist concerns will find an abundance of topics in Hume's work. Some of these topics are: Humean virtues, Humean passions, Hume on beauty and taste, Hume's science of the mind, Hume's account of human/moral motivation, Conditions of membership in Hume's moral community, Modernist dichotomies as present/absent in Hume; Skepticism/Recent re-readings of Hume on skepticism, The continuation of the self, Necessary connexions, Hume's relation to others in the canon, Other animals.

Papers on other aspects of Hume's work will also be welcomed. The deadline for papers is Jan. 20, 1996 (note the "6"). Proposals or abstracts should be sent as soon as they are ready to: Anne Jaap Jacobson, Department of Philosophy, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204; 713-743-3204, AJJacobson@UH.Edu

Recent Books

Reported Miracles: A Critique of Hume J. Houston; Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress, 1994

Hume argued that no reasonable person should believe the report of miracles as exceptions to nature's usual course. Houston argues that miracle stories may contibute toward the reasonableness of belief in God, and, appropriately attested, may be accepted by believers in God. To bolster his case he examines historically and intellectually significant writings about the miraculous.

The Glasgow Enlightenment, Andrew Hook and Richard B. Sher, eds. Canongate Academic, 1994, 220 pp 8 pages plates.

Adam Smith is now one Glasgow professor of the eighteenth century who remains a figure of world renown. But in fact Smith was only one of a constellation of intellectual and academic figures who made Glasgow into a center of Enlightenment in the eighteenth century.

These essays look at the achievement of not only Smith, but his fellow scholars, such as Frances Hutcheson, Thomas Reid, John Millar, and John Anderson. At a time when the economy of Glasgow was booming on the strength of its trade with America, these and other Glasgow men of science and learning were making major contributions to the European world of philosophy, law, economics, science and knowledge in general.

Traditionally, accounts of Scotland's intellectual achievement in the eighteenth century have tended to concentrate exclusively on the literati of Edinburgh. This book corrects this imbalance in Scottish Enlightenment studies by highlighting Glasgow's contribution.

The Fate of Eloquence in the Age of Hume, Adam Potkay Cornell University Press, 1994.

This engaging and insightful book explores the fate of eloquence in a period during which it both denoted a living oratorical art and served as a major factor in political thought. Seeing Hume's philosophy as a key to the literature of the mid-eighteenth century, Adam Potkay compares the status of eloquence in Hume's Essays and Natural History of Religion to its status in novels by Sterne, poems by Pope and Gray, and MacPherson's Poems of Ossian.

Potkay explains the sense of urgency that the concept of eloquence evoked among eighteenth-century British readers, for whom it recalled Demosthenes exhorting Athenian citizens to oppose tyranny. Revived by Hume and many other writers, the concept of eloquence resonated deeply for an audience who perceived its own political community as being in danger of disintegration. Potkay also shows how, beginning in the realm of literature, the fashion of polite style began to eclipse that of political eloquence. An ethos suitable both to the family circle and to a public sphere that included women, "politeness" entailed a sublimation of passions, a "feminine" modesty as opposed to "masculine" display, and a style that sought rather to placate or stabilize than to influence the course of events. For Potkay, the tension between the ideals of ancient eloquence and of modern politeness defined literary and political discourses alike between 1726 and 1770: Although politeness eventually gained ascendancy, eloquence was never silenced.

Editor's note: There will be a session devoted to Potkay's book at the 22nd Hume Conference. See page 1 of this Bulletin for details.

David Hume: Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand - Ein einfuhrender Kommentar Gerhard Streminger, Schöningh, 1994.

Right on the heels of his monumental David Hume: Sein Leben und Sein Werk, Streminger (Karl-Franzen University of Graz, Austria) has produced a new "introductory" commentary on Hume's first Enquiry. The early chapters discuss the significance and origin of the Enquiry and its relation to the Treatise. The twelve main chapters cover the corresponding sections of the Enquiry. Each of these chapters consists of introductory remarks, a section of textual exposition (Textgrundlage), and a third section of commentary. There is a selected bibliography and an index. This is a new major commentary on Hume's first Enquiry.

Hume's Theory of Consciousness, Wayne Waxman; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 336 pp.

This book attempts a comprehensive analysis and reevaluation of Hume's Treatise of Human Nature. Kant viewed Hume as the skeptical destroyer of metaphysics. Yet for most of this century the concensus among interpreters is that for Hume skepticism was a means to a naturalistic, anti-skeptical end. The author argues for a new understanding of the nature of Hume's skepticism and its relation to his naturalism. The book also elucidates Hume's views on induction, causality, identity, language, time-consciousness, memory, aspect-seeing, and animal reason.

David Hume: Political Writings, Stuart D. Warner and Donald W. Livingson, eds. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1994. 304 pp.

The first thematically arranged collection of Hume's political writings, this new work brings together substantive selections from A Treatise of Human Nature, An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, and Essays: Moral, Political, and Literary, with an interpretive introduction placing Hume in the context of contemporary debates between liberalism and its critics and between contextual and universal approaches.

David Hume: L'anatomia della religione Mauro Magnati; Firenze: Firenze Atheneum, 1994. 134 pp.

Durante il "Secolo dei Lumi", il secolo cioè della preponderanza della ragione, il filosofo scozzese David Hume si pone scottanti domande che riguardano l'origine del sentimento religioso negli nomini e che implicano, di conseguenza, un'analisi dell'eventuale rapporto tra religione e razionalità. Infatti già nel Trattato sulla natura umana il filosofo cerca di introdurre il ragionamento sperimentale negli argomenti a carattere morale; in seguito egli intraprenderà una vera e propria "anatomia della religione" attraverso l'analisi e la critica del design argument, cioè l'argomento per la dimostrazione dell'esistenza di Dio, condotta nei Dialoghi sulla religione naturale, che non può essere disgiunta dai princìpi espositi nella Storia naturale della religione. In questa opera egli individua i fondamenti antropologici della religione, ed esclude l'idea di una religione "rivelata", in quanto essa viene considerata "naturale", e i princìpi sembrano pertanto avere origine soprattutto nella paura del futuro e dell'inconosciuto.

Questo saggio intende dunque focalizzare l'attenzione sulle opre che Hume ha dedicato al problema religioso e soprattutto dimostrare la perfetta coerenza delle idee esposte dal filosofo, anche in relazione agli altri temi fondamentali del pensiero humeano.

Mauro Magnati è nato e vive a Bergamo. È laureato in Filosofia.

David Hume: Critical Assessments, Stanley Tweyman, ed.; London: Routledge, 1994. Boxed Set of Six Volumes

These volumes bring together for the first time some of the most important research on the philosophy of David Hume:

Volume 1 - Epistemology, Reason; Volume 2 - Induction, Scepticism; Volume 3 - External Wrold, Causality, Naturalism, Mental Activity, Ontology, Personal Identity and the Self, Space and Time; Volume 4 - Ethics, Passions, Sympathy, Is/Ought; Volume 5 - Religion; Volume 6 - Politics, Economics, Justice and Miracles, and some miscellaneous topics.

The range and high qualit y of the articles collected reflects the richness of Hume's work and the lasting significance of his legacy. The six volumes provide 191 articles, arranged thematically, ground-breaking papers such as Norman Kemp Smith's papers on Hume's naturalism, J.A. Robinson's work on Hume's two definitions of cause, Terence Penelhum's work on Hume on personal identity, and A.C. MacIntyre's work on the famous Is/Ought passage of the Treatise, and an extensive selected bibliography in each volume.

Routledge offers a 40% discount on the six volume set to Hume Society members. The six volume set, which lists for $750.00 is available to Hume Society members for $450.00. For more information, contact Amy-Lynn Fischer, Special Sales Coordinator, Routledge, 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001-2299, or fischer@routledge.com.


I. The purpose of the Hume Society is to stimulate scholarship on the philosophy and writings of David Hume and to afford an opportunity for the exchange of research.

II. A member of the Hume Society shall be a person who has paid dues for the current year.

III. The governing body of the Hume Society shall be an Executive Committee.

a. The Executive Committee shall consist of ten members of the Hume Society; nine shall be persons elected to staggered three -year terms, one of whom shall be the President of the Society. The Secretary -Treasurer shall serve ex-officio on the Executive Committee.

b. No member shall hold more than one office at a time, and no member shall be eligible to serve more than two consecutive terms in the same office.

c. The Executive Committee shall be empowered to add additional members by appointment to once renewable one -year terms.

d. The Executive Committee shall elect a Secretary- Treasurer who will serve in that capacity for a once-renewable term of five years or until a successor is appointed.

e. Terms shall begin on January 1 and end on December 31.

f. Business of the Executive Committee may be conducted when a meeting, duly called, is attended by a majority of its members.

IV. There shall be an annual election of at least three persons to serve on the Executive Committee of the Society.

a. In September of each year the Secretary -Treasurer will circulate to all members of the Society a Call for Nominations to the Executive Committee, allowing at least thirty days for members to return nominations by mail. Any member nominated by at least two other members, and who, when asked by the Secretary -Treasurer, agrees to serve, if elected, shall be considered duly nominated.

b. Every third year the Secretary -Treasurer shall include with the Call for Nominations to the Executive Committee a Call for Nominations for President of the Society; any member nominated by at least two other members, and who, when asked by the Secretary -Treasurer, agrees to serve, if elected, shall be duly nominated for the position of President.

c. In November of each year an election of at least three persons to serve on the Executive Committee shall be conducted by mail ballot, each member of the Society being asked to vote for as many of the persons duly nominated as there are vacancies on the Executive Committee and, every third year, for a President. The names of the nominees will appear on the ballot in alphabetical order, followed by academic affiliation or equivalent information.

d. The ballots shall be collected and counted by the Secretary -Treasurer, except in a year when he or she is a nominee; in such a year, the counting will be conducted by the most recent former President of the Society who is not also a nominee. The duly nominated person receiving the largest number of votes for each vacant position shall be declared elected.

V. The Executive Committee shall create such special committees it deems appropriate, specifying for each: its charge, membership, and duration.

a. For each meeting of the Society there shall be a Program Committee consisting of no fewer than three members of the Society, at least one of whom shall be a member of the Executive Committee.

b. The Program Committee shall have the responsibility of reviewing papers submitted in response to a Call for Papers and for identifying persons to be invited to speak at the meeting of the Society.

c. The decisions of the Program Committee shall be made by the majority of its members.

d. In accordance with the Society's commitment to the principle of the blind reviewing of submitted papers, the Call for Papers shall specify that submissions are to be mailed to the Secretary -Treasurer.

e. The Program Committee may be supplemented by various sub-committees.

VI. Vacancies in the Executive Committee shall be filled at the next annual election, with the person elected to complete the term of the vacated position. The Executive Committee shall appoint a member to hold the position until the next election. Those so appointed are eligible to vote on all matters before the Executive Committee.

VII. The Executive Committee shall select the dates and sites for its future meetings. The selection of the site of a meeting will ordinarily take place two years in advance of the date of the meeting.

VIII. The Hume Society will hold regular and special meetings.

a. Regular meetings shall be scheduled at least once every two years.

b. Special meetings, either independent or jointly sponsored with another Society, may be authorized by the Executive Committee.

c. Time shall be set aside during each regular meeting of the Hume Society for a Business Meeting. The quorum for such a meeting is ten percent of the members of the Society. At this meeting the President and the Secretary-Treasurer shall give reports on behalf of the Executive Committee.

d. Any business of the Society may be conducted at the Business Meeting which is not in these By-Laws specifically reserved to the members or to the Executive Committee. Motions adopted at a Business Meeting by a majority of fewer than thirty percent of the members of the Society are subject to ratification by the entire membership, such ratification to be conducted by mail.

IX. The amount of annual dues shall be determined by the members of the Society.

X. Hume Studies shall be the journal of the Society.

1. Hume Studies shall serve the purposes of the Society and shall reflect the full range of interests of its members in all aspects of the thought of David Hume.

2. The Editor (or Editors) of Hume Studies shall be elected for a renewable five-year term, one year prior to the date the current Editor's term expires, by a simple majority of those holding elected positions on the Executive Committee.

3. The Editor shall be responsible for ensuring that Hume Studies meets the highest standards of scholarship and for promoting its reputation within the academic community. Immediately after being appointed, the Editor shall provide a formal statement of the editorial policy, to be approved by the Editorial Board.

4. The Editor shall supervise all matters regarding the management of Hume Studies, soliciting manuscripts, making final judgments about what papers appear in the journal, appointing employees, arranging for printing and mailing, having all the powers and obligations that generally attach to the position of editor.

5. General operating expenses of Hume Studies shall be subsidized by the home institution of the Editor. The Society shall remit part of the dues of the Society's members to the home institution of the Editor, and the Editor shall ensure that members receive subscriptions to Hume Studies. The precise financial arrangement shall be settled before an editor is appointed, but the Society shall provide no compensation for the Editor or employees of the journal.

6. The Editor and the Executive Committee shall agree on appointments for an Editorial Board of no more than 11 and no fewer than 7 persons. The members of the Board shall be appointed by the Executive Committee to staggered six-year terms; a member of the Board may be re-appointed for one additional six-year term. Neither the Editor nor any member of the Board may at the same time be a member of the Executive Committee. Members of the Editorial Board shall, when called upon, help the Editor in performing the obligations of that position. The Editorial Board shall ensure that the journal serves the needs of scholarship and the Society. It shall advise the Executive Committee in its assessment of candidates for Editor and shall advise the Editor and the Executive Committee on any other matter regarding the well-being of the journal.

7. An Editor may be removed in mid-term only by an affirmative vote to remove by at least six of those holding elected positions on the Executive Committee.

8. The Editor shall prepare an annual report for the Executive Committee and the Editorial Board detailing the financial situation of Hume Studies, any changes in editorial principles, and any other matters that the Executive Committee or Editorial Board need to address. This report shall be due by May 1st of each year.

XI. The Constitution may be amended by a two-thirds vote of those voting by mail ballot, provided that the amendment has been submitted in writing to the membership at least one month prior to the date of the vote.

XII. Robert's Rules of Order shall govern the meetings of the Hume Society and of its Executive Committee unless changes in the procedure are approved by a two-third's majority of those present.

New Members

The Hume Society is pleased to welcome the following new members.

Abramson, Kate; Chicago, IL

Akerson, John H.; Tufts University, Medford, MA

Booker, E. Michael; Baltimore, MD

Bouskela, Nat; Hallandale, Florida

Bull, Nicholas; U. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC

Dennis, Mike; Houston, TX

Di Gregorio, M. A.; Universita Degli Studi, Italy

Doss, Barney J.; Little Rock, AR

Humber, James M.; Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA

Killingsworth, Charles; Pasadena, TX

LaBossiere, Barbara; Florida State, Tallahasee, FL

Latourell, John; University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Leever, Martin G.; Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL

Macleod, Allister; Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario

Mason, Michelle; Chicago, IL

Potrc, Matjaz; Ljubujana, Slovenija

Moulitsas, Markos; Dekalb, IL

Raikka, Juha; University of Turku, Turku, FINLAND

Scott-Kakures, Dion; Scripps College, Claremont, CA

Sherry, David; Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ

Yellin, Mark E.; Chapel Hill, NC

Hume Society E-mail Directory

Due to limitations of space, the e-mail directory does not appear in this issue of the Bulletin. An updated list, however, appears in the Hume Society section of the Electronic Bulletin Board of the American Philosophical Association. Use your gopher client to connect to apa.oxy.edu, and follow the menus to the Hume Society Section. The list of addresses may be requested from traiger@oxy.edu, or may be found on the World Wide Web. See below for details.

Hume Society on the World Wide Web

Hume Society information is now available through the World Wide Web. Using a web client (e.g. Netscape or Mosaic) open the URL http://www.oxy.edu/apa/hume.html. In addition to membership information, users may access e-versions of this and past Bulletins, e-mail addresses, and calls for papers.

E-Mail the EC

To facilitate communication with the Executive Committee, a new e-mail address has been set up by EC member Peter Millican. To send a message to members of the EC, direct your mail to humemail@scs.leeds.ac.uk. The EC asks that you use this address only to communicate matters for the entire executive committee. Business e-mail correspondence, such as membership information, should be addressed to the Executive Secretary-Treasurer. The members of the EC with e-mail access are:

Robison, Wade wlrgsh@rit.edu

Traiger, Saul traiger@oxy.edu

Brown, Charlotte cbrown@titan.iwu.edu

Darwall, Stephen stephen.darwall@um.cc.umich.edu

Karlsson, Mikael mike@rhi.hi.is

McIntyre, Jane r1188@csuohio.bitnet

Millican, Peter peter@scs.leeds.ac.uk

Raynor, David draynor@acadvm1.uottawa.ca

Sayre McCord, G. gsmunc@unc.edu

Membership Renewal Notes

A third and final dues reminder will be in the mail shortly to those members whose dues are still in arears. The practice of sending second and third dues reminders is costly. While first renewal notices are sent at a bulk mail rate, subsequent notices must be sent at the individual first class rate. The Society benefits from prompt payment of dues. If you have any question about your dues, please contact the secretary-treasurer.

Request for Contributions

The Bulletin of the Hume Society appears in the fall and spring of each year. Readers are invited to contribute items of interest to members of the Hume Society. Please contact the editor for more information.

The publication of the Bulletin of the Hume Society is made possible by funding from Occidental College. The editor is Saul Traiger.